Jurnal Teknologi Agro-Industri https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI <p><strong>Jurnal Teknologi Agro-Industri&nbsp;</strong>diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Teknologi Industri Pertanian Politeknik Negeri Tanah Laut dan&nbsp;mempublikasikan hasil-hasil penelitian dalam&nbsp;bidang pengolahan hasil, aktivitas senyawa aktif,&nbsp;proses, teknik sistem, dan lingkungan industri&nbsp;khususnya pada bidang Agro-Industri.</p> <p><strong>Jurnal Teknologi Agro-Industri&nbsp;</strong>Terbit dua kali dalam satu tahun</p> <p><strong>Jurnal Teknologi Agro-Industri&nbsp;</strong>Telah terindeks oleh</p> <div class="container" style="width: 100%;"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-md-2"><a title="Profil Scholar" href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?hl=id&amp;user=TwnvQHgAAAAJ" target="_blank"><img class="img img-responsive" src="/public/site/images/okyrahmanto/Google-Scholar-Logo.jpg" alt="" height="50%"></a></div> <div class="col-md-3"><a href="http://garuda.ristekdikti.go.id/journal/view/11666" target="_blank"><img class="img img-responsive" src="/public/site/images/okyrahmanto/garuda1.png" alt=""></a></div> <div class="col-md-3"><img class="img img-responsive" src="/public/site/images/okyrahmanto/logo-ios-shadow.png" alt=""></div> <div class="col-md-3"><a href="http://isjd.pdii.lipi.go.id/index.php/public_no_login/index_direktori" target="_blank"><img class="img img-responsive" src="/public/site/images/okyrahmanto/logo_isjd.jpg" alt=""></a></div> </div> <div class="row" style="margin: auto;"> <div class="col-md-3"><a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2598-5884" target="_blank"><img class="img img-responsive" src="https://assets.crossref.org/logo/crossref-logo-landscape-200.svg" alt="Crossref logo" width="200" height="68">&nbsp;</a></div> <div class="col-md-3"><a href="https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?search_text=10.34128%2Fjtai&amp;search_type=kws&amp;search_field=doi" target="_blank"><img class="img img-responsive" src="/public/site/images/okyrahmanto/dimensions_(1).png" alt="">&nbsp;</a></div> <div class="col-md-3"> <a href="https://relawanjurnal.id" target="_blank"><img class="img img-responsive" src="https://assets.relawanjurnal.id/logo/rji.png" alt="RJI Main logo"></a> </div> <div class="col-md-3"> <a href="https://patpi.or.id/" target="_blank"><img class="img img-responsive" src="https://patpi.or.id/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/logo_patpi1.gif" alt="Patpi logo"></a> </div> </div> </div> en-US emalestari@politala.ac.id (Ema Lestari) oky.rahmanto@gmail.com (Oky Rahmanto) Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Pendugaan Umur Simpan Bumbu Bubuk Gangan Asam Khas Banjar Menggunakan Metode ASLT https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/168 <p>Bumbu bubuk <em>gangan asam</em> khas Banjar merupakan salah satu makanan berkuah khas Banjar Kalimantan Selatan. Produk ini dikemas dengan kemasan plastik <em>polythylen</em> (PE) dan <em>Polyprophylen</em> (PP) untuk menentukan jenis kemasan plastik yang memiliki umur simpan lebih lama menggunakan metode <em>Accelerated Shelf Life Testing</em> (ASLT). ASLT yaitu penentuan umur simpan produk dengan cara mempercepat perubahan mutu pada parameter kritis dengan menggunakan kondisi lingkungan. Analisa dan parameter yang digunakan adalah uji kadar air, dan uji organoleptik yang meliputi warna, aroma, dan tekstur pada suhu yang berbeda 25<sup>o</sup>C, 35<sup>o</sup>C dan 45<sup>o</sup>C selama 4 minggu. Hasil pendugaan umur simpan produk dengan kemasan PE dan PP menunjukkan energi aktivasi terendah pada parameter perubahan aroma. Pendugaan umur simpan bumbu bubuk <em>gangan asam</em> dengan menggunakan parameter aroma menggunakan kemasan plastik <em>polythylen</em> (PE) memiliki umur simpan 5,8 &nbsp;minggu pada suhu 25<sup>o</sup>C, 3,6 minggu pada suhu 35<sup>o</sup>C dan 2,0 minggu pada suhu 45 <sup>o</sup>C. Pendugaan umur simpan menggunakan kemasan plastik <em>polypropylene</em> (PP) pada suhu 25<sup>o</sup>C memiliki umur simpan 7,9 minggu &nbsp;suhu 35 <sup>o</sup>C menghasilkan 3,9 minggu dan pada suhu 45 <sup>o</sup>C menghasilkan umur simpan 2,4 minggu</p> Raden Rizki Amalia, Nina Hairiyah, Nuryati Copyright (c) 2022 Raden Rizki Amalia, Nina Hairiyah, Nuryati http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/168 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Pengaruh Variasi Koagulan Terhadap Kualitas Tahu Kacang Nagara (Vigna Unguiculata ssp. Cylindrica) https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/163 <p>Tahu merupakan salah satu produk makanan yang sudah popular di masyarakat Indonesia. Tahu mengandung beberapa nilai gizi, seperti protein, lemak, karbohidrat, kalori, mineral, fosfor, dan vitamin B-kompleks. Masyarakat biasanya mengonsumsi tahu yang terbuat dari bahan dasar kedelai. Namun, hal itu terkendala, yaitu dalam kurun waktu terakhir, harga kedelai yang merupakan bahan baku utama tahu terus melonjak.&nbsp; Dengan demikian adanya alternatif pengganti kacang kedelai dan merupakan kacang-kacangan yang berasal dari sumber daya lokal, dimana salah satunya adalah kacang Nagara (Vigna unguiculata sp Cylindrica) yang merupakan kacang lokal Kalimantan Selatan yang tumbuh di daerah rawa lebak, kecamatan Nagara, kabupaten Hulu Sungai Selatan. Pada hasil tahu tersebut kemudian diuji lab dengan mengetahui kadar air, kadar abu dan kadar protein. Tahu yang dibuat dari kacang nagara mempunyai nilai kandungan protein yang tidak kalah dengan tahu kacang kedelai dengan kadar air dan kadar&nbsp; abu&nbsp; yang rendah.</p> Eri Yunita Permata Sari, Uswatun Hasanah, Noor Maulida Sari, Zaitun Aulia, Muhammad Syaifullah, Adzani Ghani Ilmannafian Copyright (c) 2022 Eri Yunita Permata Sari, Uswatun Hasanah, Noor Maulida Sari, Zaitun Aulia, Muhammad Syaifullah, Adzani Ghani Ilmannafian http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/163 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Identifikasi Lokasi Potensial dan Prioritas Pengembangan Agroindustri Aren di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, Jawa Barat https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/160 <p><em>Sugar palm is a plantation crop that has benefits economic, ecological, social and cultural, but the exploitation of palm sugar is generally still taking the results of plants that grow naturally. Identification of the distribution of sugar palm plants needs to be done to obtain priority locations for the development of sugar palm agro-industry. The potential location shows that the sugar palm has a comparative and competitive advantage compared to other plantation commodities. Comparative and competitive advantages can be determined using the Location Quotient (LQ) and Differential Shift (DS) methods, while the priority for developing sugar palm agro-industry products is determined by the exponential comparison method with criteria 1) market potential, 2) environmental sustainability and waste minimization, 3) availability of raw materials and supporting material, 4) local government support, 5) human resource capability, 6) availability of applicable technology, 7) competitiveness of similar products and substitute products, and 8) efficiency of production costs. The results showed that the potential location of sugar palm plants were found in five districts in Tasikmalaya Regency, among others Ciawi districts, Cigalontang districts, Jamanis districts, Jatiwaras districts, and Sukahening Districts. The priority of developing agroindustry products based on the analysis of the corresponding exponential comparison method is palm sugar (10.21), palm fruit (10.20), palm fiber (10.19), ant sugar (10.17) and palm starch flour (10.06).</em></p> Ahmad Thoriq Copyright (c) 2022 Ahmad Thoriq http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/160 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Pemanfaatan Minyak Biji Kelor (Moringa oleifera L.) pada Pembuatan Sabun Padat Transparan https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/156 <p>Moringa seed oil is rich in oleic acid which has benefits for treating skin health. The use of Moringa seed oil as a basic ingredient for making transparent solid soap increases the advantages of soap because it has moisturizing and skin softening properties as well as antimicrobial. The manufacture of transparent solid soap based on Moringa seed oil aims to determine the mass of Moringa seed oil which produces solid soap with the highest foam and pH stability values, as well as the level of soap irritation. The study was conducted using a completely randomized design (CRD) with the independent variable being the mass of Moringa seed oil consisting of four levels of 27.5 grams (A1), 30 grams (A2), 32.5 grams (A3), and 35 grams (A4), while the dependent variables include foam stability and pH stability which were determined after 3 weeks of testing. The best formula was further tested with a solid soap irritation level test. The best formula for transparent solid soap was found in using 30 grams of Moringa seed oil (A2) with foam stability of 93.56%, pH stability of 9-9.6, and low irritation level of only 20% after five days of use.</p> Putri Hardiyanti, Nurhaeni Nurhaeni, Jaya Hardi Copyright (c) 2022 Putri Hardiyanti, Nurhaeni Nurhaeni, Jaya Hardi http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/156 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Analisa Proksimat dan Kadar Kafein Pada Green Bean Robusta Berdasarkan Lama Waktu Fermentasi https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/166 <p>Coffee is one of the commodities that provide additional foreign exchange for Indonesia. This is supported by the position of the country of Indonesia which is the number 4 producer of coffee beans in the world. One type of coffee that is cultivated in Indonesia is Robusta coffee. Robusta coffee is known as coffee that is resistant to various diseases and extreme environments, has superior properties and is very fast growing, therefore Robusta coffee is widely chosen to be planted by Indonesian. One of the step at coffee processing by full wash processing is fermentation. Fermentation is a process that produces chemical reactions involving other microorganism that breaking down polysaccharide into enzyme and monosaccharide.&nbsp; That process itself is influenced by several factors, including the number of bacterial inoculum, fermentation time, substrate (medium), temperature, oxygen, water and acidity (pH). The incubation period of fermentation is the most step that determine the quality of coffee. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the length of fermentation time on the wet coffee processing method on green beans robusta that produced by looking at several chemical parameters, including water content, ash content, fat content, carbohydrate content and caffeine content. The results showed that variations in fermentation time had a significant effect on the parameters of water content, ash, carbohydrates, fat and caffeine.</p> Eva Rosdiana, Rizky Nirmala Kusumaningtyas, Dian Galuh Pratita, Annisa Lutfi Alwi , Sri Rahayu Copyright (c) 2022 Eva Rosdiana, Rizky Nirmala Kusumaningtyas, Dian Galuh Pratita, Annisa Lutfi Alwi , Sri Rahayu http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/166 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Strategi Pengembangan Klaster UMKM Menggunakan Metode Analytic Hierarchy Process Di Kabupaten Kutai Timur https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/162 <p><em>Micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) had an important role in the Indonesian economy, with the creation of domestic products and the ability to absorb labor. In order to maintain the performance of MSMEs to exist and grow up, it was necessary to have a strategy carried out both from internal MSMEs themselves or the stakeholders. The aims of this study was to find out the strategy for developing the MSMEs cluster by using the analytic hierarchy process method. The determination of the sample used was by purposive sampling, namely members of the MSMEs home industry partner of LPB Pabanet, who were active and willing to be respondents with a total of 27 MSMEs. This study used a direct interview to respondents containing questions for clustering MSMEs, then a focus group discussion (FGD) was carried out with experts which aims to explore information used in formulating development strategies of MSME based on clusters. The results showed that based on the analysis using the fuzzy C-means method formed 3 clusters of SMEs. The strategy for the first cluster was on the production process criteria (0,391) with an alternative strategy for obtaining permits of P-IRT (0,351). In second cluster, the criteria with the highest weight was capital (0,395) with alternative strategies for making financial reports regularly (0,863). In the third cluster, the alternative strategy chosen on the marketing criteria (0,547) was to establish a partnership (0,407).</em></p> Muhamad Yazid Bustomi, Joko Suryanto Copyright (c) 2022 Muhamad Yazid Bustomi, Joko Suryanto http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/162 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Efektivitas Ekstrak Tumbuhan Rawa sebagai Biopestisida Plutella xylostella dalam Skala Laboratorium https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/157 <p><em>Cabbage caterpillars can attack all stages of plant growth in the vegetative and generative phases. In the concept of integrated pest control, the use of chemical insecticides is the last alternative, so an environmentally friendly control technology is needed. Swampland has the potential of plants that can be extracted as active ingredients for pest control. The results of the literature study showed that there were several types of potential wetland plants that contained the active ingredient of hydrocarbon derivative compounds which were effective in controlling Plutella, but of the 13 types of plants, a study was conducted on their effectiveness in controlling Pluttela xylostella larvae is very necessary. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of various types of wetland plants as effective botanical insecticides in controlling Pluttela xylostella on a laboratory scale. The results showed that there were 13 types of swamp plants that could be effective botanical insecticides in controlling Pluttela xylostella. The mortality of Pluttela xylostella larvae at 48 hours of observation was high in the treatment of plant extracts of Piper sarmentosum, Tithonia diversifolia, and Ziziphus spina-christi with a percentage of 68%. Therefore, it is necessary to conserve these wild plants so that these plants do not become extinct.</em></p> Syaiful Asikin, Muhammad Alwi, Izhar Khairullah, Muhammad Helmy Abdillah Copyright (c) 2022 Syaiful Asikin, Muhammad Alwi, Izhar Khairullah, Muhammad Helmy Abdillah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jtai.politala.ac.id/index.php/JTAI/article/view/157 Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000